Aquilegia canadensis – Columbine Little Lanterns
Aquilegia canadensis – Columbine Little Lanterns

Thrives in part to full sun in any well-drained soil. Plants tolerate full sun if temperatures are cool, but they prefer partial shade. They may go dormant in mid summer if stressed by heat or drought, but will emerge again in late winter. Plants reseed readily and plantings may double in size in two years.

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Echinacea Sombrero ‘Salsa Red’ Coneflower
Echinacea Sombrero ‘Salsa Red’ Coneflower

Echinacea Sombrero ‘Salsa Red’ is characterized by intense red blooms atop strong, well-branched stems. The large, single, daisy like flowers are bright red surrounding a large brown cone. The showy flowers bloom happily from mid-summer to frost and are easy to grow plants tolerant of drought, heat, humidity and poor soil.

Attractive to butterflies, Echinacea Sombrero ‘Salsa Red’ Coneflower is also a magnet for important pollinators and beneficial insects. The flower heads provide visual winter interest and are an important food source for birds.

The Sombrero series is a new introduction bred to produce well-branched, sturdy and compact plants featuring a high bud count.

Grown in 4.5″ square pots.

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Gaillardia grandiflora – Arizona Red
Gaillardia grandiflora – Arizona Red

‘Arizona Red’ features bright burgundy 4-inch flowers. It sports the same uniform, compact growth habit as ‘Arizona Sun’. This variety is an early bloomer and is perfect for containers.

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Gaillardia grandiflora - Arizona Sun
Gaillardia grandiflora – Arizona Sun Blanket Flower

2005 All-America Selections Winner 10″ tall x 12″ wide. 'Arizona Sun' is one of our finest Gaillardia cultivars with showy three-inch single flowers that are mahogany-red with bright yellow edges. It has better uniformity and more numerous flowers than older varieties and is a remarkable garden performer. Plant in well-drained infertile soils for best results. Deadhead occasionally to keep the flowers coming all summer long

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Gaillardia Mesa Red
Gaillardia grandiflora – Mesa Red

Hybrid Mesa delivers a more uniform habit with more flowers than typical open pollinated varieties, a trait that has been consistently demonstrated in our trials. Growers appreciate these two qualities in both crop scheduling and sales. Gardeners enjoy continuous blooms all season long and the inherent drought tolerance. Because Mesas are first year flowering perennials, they are an excellent choice for mixed containers, gardens and landscapes.

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Ratibida columnifera 'Red Midget'
Ratibida column – Red Midget

This sun-loving plant does best in well drained soils and is very drought resistant.

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Rudbeckia hirta – Cherry Brandy Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta – Cherry Brandy Black-eyed Susan

This striking Rudbeckia hybrid leaves the standard gold-color behind! Its shockingly-red, velvety blooms will ignite the garden with weeks and weeks of color in the summer through fall. The unique bi-color blooms, on compact, beautiful foliage, will put on a show in the front of your garden or in a container.

As the state flower of Maryland, we understand why everyone loves Black Eyed Susans. Cherry Brandy takes the classic beauty of the standard, yellow Rudbeckia and puts a unique, bright twist with rings of reds and maroons, coming into a chocolate-brown center. Plant this beauty and enjoy long-lasting blooms when much of the garden has settled down for the season.

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Spigelia marilandica – Indian Pink
Spigelia marilandica – Indian Pink

Indian pink or woodland pinkroot

One of the most striking and beautiful of our native perennials, Indian pink’s summer flowers are brilliant red and tubular with canary yellow throats. A very hardy plant, though it is best planted by the end of July for reliable success in gardens and containers. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, it is at home in the bright woodland or shaded border.

Indian pink Interesting Notes

Indian pink is a long-lived perennial that brings stunning color to the summer garden. Vivid red tubular flowers borne in terminal clusters open to expose a chartreuse yellow interior, reminiscent of a firecracker exploding. This perennial produces its primary display in early summer and flowers sporadically through the remainder of the growing season. It can grow to nearly 2’ tall and wide. Indian pink is an adaptable species, but does prefer neutral, well-drained soils to develop its best displays. The bright flowers attract hummingbirds and brighten the woodland edge or perennial border. Spigelia marilandica combines well with Dryopteris intermediaChrysogonum virginianumLilium superbum, and Aquilegia canadensis. – Mt. Cuba Center

If this isn’t the region’s most beautiful native, then I don’t know who is…any votes for Elvis or Dolly? This exquisite woodland perennial makes a dainty-looking 12″ wide clump of 2′ tall stalks clothed with nondescript green foliage. In late spring, Spigelia marilandica clumps are topped with dozens of stalks of spectacular up-facing, bright red, tubular flowers with a dramatically contrasting, yellow center…a hummingbird favorite. Spigelia marilandica, which improves with age, is a true garden show-stopper! We have found that it grows equally well in full sun or light shade, as well as in very moist or bone-dry soils. – Plant Delights Nursery

Although called Indian Pink, this plant, Spigelia marilandica, actually has tubular flowers that are bright crimson with a bright yellow lining. It is under-used by hummingbird gardeners but is an excellent plant for a yard with tall established trees that cast light shade beneath them. Indian Pink comes up quite late in the spring, so mark the planting spot to avoid accidentally over-planting it. It is a low-growing plant the Ruby-throated Hummingbirds find easily as they scout the landscape for food sources. – Operation RubyThroat

Folklore: Used by the Cherokee and other Native American tribes as a ritual and ceremonial herb to induce visions and foretell the future.

Spigelia marilandica Growing and Maintenance Tips

Grow in partial to full shade in rich soil with high organic content. A very hardy plant, though it is best planted by the end of July for reliable success in gardens and containers. Prefers not to be transplanted once established.

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